The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) is an aggregate index, reported at the country or regional level, based on individual-level data collected by interviewing men and women within the same households. The WEAI comprises two sub-indices. The first assesses the degree to which respondents are empowered in five domains of empowerment (5DE) in agriculture. It reflects the percentage of women and men who are empowered and, among those who are not, the percentage of domains in which they enjoy adequate achievements. These domains are:
- Decisions about agricultural production
- Access to and decision-making power about productive resources
- Control of use of income
- Leadership in the community
- Time allocation
Ten composite indicators are used to construct the 5DE.
The second sub-index, the Gender Parity Index (GPI), measures gender parity. The GPI reflects the percentage of women who are empowered or whose achievements are at least as high as the men in their households. For those households that have not achieved gender parity, the GPI shows the empowerment gap that needs to be closed for women to reach the same level of empowerment as men in their households.
This is the first, original version of the WEAI. It was piloted in 2011 in Uganda, Bangladesh, and Guatemala and was formally launched in 2012. It was included in 19 Feed the Future Baseline population-based surveys.
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